Clinical pharmacy/pharmacology

According to Elsevier’s Clinical Pharmacology, “Clinical Pharmacology is accepted by all 50 state Boards of Pharmacy as a compendium to fulfill the drug reference requirements for licensed pharmacies, and is officially recognized by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) as a drug compendium for determining the appropriate use of drugs and biologics for cancer patients. Proven by multiple independent research studies, Clinical Pharmacology is the most complete, easiest-to-use and most dependable drug information solution available today”. (
There are some who consider pharmacology as more important than pharmacy, defining the latter as more to do with pharmacists as a professional course. However, there are universities that consider them together, some even with Clinical Sciences in one department. For example, the School of medical and Life Sciences at the University of Hertfordshire, brings pharmacy, pharmacology and clinical sciences together and says that “Three core themes underpin the work across the unit: optimisation of drug efficacy and safety, toxicity risk mitigation, and the understanding of pathological processes in relation to clinical practice” (
UCL School of Pharmacy offers, along with local hospitals, an MSc in Clinical Pharmacy, International Practice and Policy, “designed primarily for overseas and EU pharmacists wanting to develop clinical pharmacy expertise and leadership skills needed to develop enhanced pharmacy services in their home countries”. It also clarifies that this course does not lead to registration with the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPhC).
Offering a Clinical Pharmacology MSc/PG Dip/PG Cert, King’s College London says this: “A master’s in Clinical Pharmacology will enable you to gain the knowledge and skills to evaluate the safety of new medicinal products for human studies, write a clinical protocol, and obtain appropriate ethical and legal approval. One of three modular programmes in Pharmaceutical Medicine designed for working physicians, clinical scientists and allied health professionals interested in the clinical development process”.
The University of Queensland offers a Master of Clinical Pharmacy (MClinPharm) as a programme that “provides students with a broad range of knowledge, skills and resources to practise effectively as a clinical pharmacy practitioner involved in the quality use of medicines and pharmaceutical care”. ( The University of Southern California School of Pharmacy offers a few programmes (
The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences has some unusual and highly specific degree programmes such as for example a course in ‘Infectious Diseases Residency’, among other residency courses (
The University of California, San Francisco, offers a Master of Science in Clinical Research Degree Program ( The Department of Pharmacology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, offers many Masters Programmes ( University of Toronto Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy an MSc (