Ultrasound guided regional anaesthesia (UGRA) is becoming increasingly popular, largely because of recent advances in technology that allows the operator to visualise neural structures. ( The International Anesthesia Research Society’s one of the link says that, “ultrasound can improve block success rate and decrease complications.” ( Therefore the need of trained anaesthesiologist is increasing.

The Cardiff University offers 18 months full time M.Sc. course in Managing Care in Perioperative and Anaesthesia Practice to “develop advanced critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and to apply them to management in perioperative practice”. (  The University of Nottingham offers one year M.Res./ M.Sc. and two year’s M.Phil. course in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. (

The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Malaya, Malaysia offers Master of Anaesthesiology (MAnaes) course which is “fully supported by supported by the Ministry of Health through scholarships or paid leave granted to applicants for the whole duration of each course”. ( The University Putra Malaysia (UPM) offers Master of Medicine (Anaesthesiology) offers a Master of Medicine (Anaesthesiology). ((

Algonquin College’s School of Health and Community Studies, Canada offers one year Ontario Graduate Certificate program which is Anesthesia Assistant.


Some universities also offers Ph.D. in Anaesthesia. The University of Nottingham has a 3 – 4 years degree programme available in PhD / DM in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. ( The VCU offers

The University Putra Malaysia offers Ph.D. – Doctor of Philosophy in Anaesthesiology and Analgesic by research. Areas of study include investigations into the foundation of anaesthesia and analgesia, including cellular biology, mechanisms and actions of various anaesthetic and analgesic modalities, modeling of compounds, apparatus and modalities related to anaesthesia and analgesia. ( The Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong offers two years Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care  as well as Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. (

The National University of Ireland, Galway offers two years M.Sc.(research) in Anaesthesia, MD (Anaesthesia) and full time four years Structured PhD in Anaesthesia. (

After the completion of the course a student can not only work in hospitals, but also in “medical universities or schools, public sectors, outpatient care center, specialty hospital, offices of physicians.” (