ANATOMY / HUMAN ANATOMY

The increasing awareness of and attention to health has made the study of the human anatomy more important than ever before. Given that there is finer and finer specializations, it will be vital to have some with a holistic understanding. Some universities have a surgical focus, some focus on data visualizations while some bring an integrated approach.

The Northern Illinois University offers Master of Science in biology program with specialization in human anatomical sciences.

The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is the affiliated college for this program and the areas of studies are in “Bioinformatics, Human Anatomical Sciences, Biochemistry and Biology Teaching.” (https://www.niu.edu/grad/academics/masters/human-anatomical-sciences.shtml). University of Southern California has an MS in Integrative Anatomical Sciences which deals with “gross anatomy, histology and neuroanatomy, including cadaveric dissection and microscopic study of tissues” also it gives “an intensive introduction to fundamentals of bone and dental biology, human anatomical variation and clinical anatomical correlations”. (https://keck.usc.edu/integrative-anatomical-sciences-program/about).

The MS Program in Anatomical Sciences program at the University of Indianapolis is designed to give students a solid foundation to prepare them for professional programs in the biomedical areas, such as medical and dental school.” (https://www.uindy.edu/cas/anatomical-sciences/index).  University of Buffalo offers an MA program in Anatomical Sciences which aims to provide a foundation in “anatomical sciences in both the macro- and microscopic realms.” and “focuses on microscopic anatomy and cell biology.” (http://medicine.buffalo.edu/departments/pathology/education/graduate/anatomical.html). The PennState College of Medicine offers research oriented MS program in Anatomy, which is suitable for all those students who wish to work in “allopathic or osteopathic medicine, dentistry or physical therapy” areas. The university not only covers topics under “gross anatomy, histology, human embryology and neuroanatomy” but also “in cell biology, systems biology, biochemistry and physiology.” (https://med.psu.edu/anatomy-ms).  Des Moines University’s Master of Science in Anatomy (M.S.A.) delivers education in “gross anatomy, cell and tissue biology, neuroanatomy and human development”. (https://www.dmu.edu/msa/program-strengths/).  Wright State University runs MS in Anatomy, which provides “advanced professional education in the essentials of human anatomy, including gross anatomy, developmental anatomy (embryology), microanatomy (cell biology/histology), and neurobiology.” (https://catalog.wright.edu/preview_program.php?poid=5545&catoid=7)

The University of Dundee has an MSc in Human Anatomy which uses a Theil cadavers method to study gross anatomy through whole body dissection which is helpful for studies in the areas such as “applied anatomy, embryology, histology, medicine, dentistry, or biomechanics.” (https://www.dundee.ac.uk/study/pg/human-anatomy/). The University of Edinburgh runs an MSc in Human Anatomy, which imparts learning through dissection and focuses on “anatomical teaching, neuroanatomy, embryology, anatomy law and ethics and medical imaging”. (https://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/degrees/index.php?r=site/view&edition=2021&id=648uli). Similarly, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shrevepor, runs a Master of Science Degree in Human Clinical Anatomy which focuses on “intensive courses in Human Anatomy with cadaver dissections, Microscopic Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Developmental Biology, and Physiology.” (http://www.lsuhscshreveport.edu/departments/BasicScience/CellularBiologyandAnatomy/graduateprogram/AnatomyMasterofScience.aspx).

Queens’s University offers an MSc in Anatomical Sciences, which includes “Advanced Gross Anatomy, Advanced Topics in Embryology, Advanced Topics in Neuroanatomy, Advanced Topics in Histology & Histology Techniques, Independent Studies in Anatomy & Cell Biology/Pedogogy”. (https://www.queensu.ca/sgs/programs-degrees/anatomical-sciences)

The Hull York Medical School’s MSc in Clinical Anatomy deals with clinically applied human anatomy based on “topographical, biomechanical, developmental and radiological perspectives.” (https://www.hyms.ac.uk/postgraduate-taught-degrees/msc-in-clinical-anatomy). Similarly, the University of Iowa also offers Master of Clinical Anatomy (M.C.A.) which demonstrates “knowledge of the anatomical sciences (neuroanatomy, gross anatomy, and histology)” (http://catalog.registrar.uiowa.edu/carver-medicine/anatomy-cell-biology/master-clinical-anatomy/). Creighton University has a Master of Science in Clinical Anatomy looks at “human gross anatomy and neuroanatomy to pathology, surgery, radiology and embryology.” (https://gradschItol.creighton.edu/program/clinical-anatomy-ms). The University of Birmingham’s MSc in Functional and Clinical Anatomy provides education in areas such as “functional anatomy of the body”, “embryological development and growth of the regions and systems of the body and their implications upon its functional anatomy”. It also gives “an understanding of the consequences of pathological states upon functional anatomy and the anatomical causes of pathology, experience and understanding of methodologies and paradigms used in medical research” (https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/postgraduate/courses/taught/med/functional-clinical-anatomy.aspx#CourseDetailsTab).

The Department of Archeology at the University of York offers an MSc in Human Anatomy and Evolution.  The course investigates “how the anatomy of the human body has developed over time; the biology of bone, teeth and soft tissue. It also gives “a detailed understanding of human and primate evolution, focusing on anatomy and morphology and their interfaces with ecology and behaviour.” (https://www.york.ac.uk/archaeology/postgraduate-study/taught-postgrads/masters-courses/human-anatomy-and-evolution/).

University of Glasgow runs an MSc in Medical Visualisation and Human Anatomy, which combines “actual cadaveric dissection with 3D digital reconstruction, interaction and visualisation using state of the art virtual reality facilities”. (http://www.gsa.ac.uk/study/graduate-degrees/medical-visualisation-human-anatomy/). Eastern Virginia Medical School has an MS in Contemporary Human Anatomy. The course focuses on the studies of “the human body through medical imaging and dissection – a different perspectives than scientists have used for the past 100 years in anatomy” (https://www.evms.edu/education/masters_programs/contemporary_human_anatomy/). The Master of Science program in Modern Human An​atomy (MSMHA) at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus “provides graduate level training and teaching experience in the physical and virtual anatomical sciences.  The curriculum integrates 3D computer imaging and modeling with human cadaver dissection, neuroanatomy, histology, and embryology.” (http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/medicalschool/departments/CellDevelopmentalBiology/MSMHA/Pages/Info.aspx).

The Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) (UK) offers a research-oriented M.S. degree program in Anatomy and Neurobiology. “The program prepares students for technical careers in neurobiological research laboratories in academic, private and government institutions.” (http://bulletin.vcu.edu/graduate/school-medicine/anatomy-neurobiology-ms/).

The University of Nebraska has Master of Science in Medical Anatomy, which gives a “comprehensive education in whole body anatomical dissection, system-based histology, and neuroanatomy”.  (https://www.unmc.edu/gradstudies/programs/masters/medical-anatomy.html). The University of Sydney, offers Master of Surgery (Surgical Anatomy) which is helpful to develop a sound knowledge and understanding of human anatomy through a series of whole-body cadaveric dissections (https://sydney.edu.au/courses/courses/pc/master-of-surgery-surgical-anatomy.html)

The University of Pittsburgh’s Biomedical Master’s Program in Human Anatomy “explores human structure and the organization of organ systems.” (http://bmp.pitt.edu/course/human-anatomy). Indiana University offers Master of Science degree in Anatomy and Cell Biology with two learning Tracks i.e. Research Track MS with duration of two years and Clinical Anatomy Track MS which is a non-thesis one year program. (https://medicine.iu.edu/departments/anatomy-cell-biology/education-programs/graduate-degrees/masters/).

The University of Oxford has an MSc by Research in Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics which deals with the research areas like “neuroscience, cardiac science, ion channels transporters and signalling, metabolism and endocrinology, development and reproduction to functional genomics” (https://www.ox.ac.uk/admissions/graduate/courses/msc-research-physiology-anatomy-and-genetics?wssl=1).

The University of Sheffield’s an MSc in Human Anatomy with Education focuses on the human anatomy studies through cadaveric dissection. According to the university, students will be “able to develop advanced dissection skills and anatomical expertise using a wide range of plastinated specimens, professionally dissected wet specimens and anatomical models.” (https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/bms/study/masters/human_anat).